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  • 从古典经济学中解读“为人民服务”

    来源:中国经济新闻网-中国经济时报社 日期:2011年08月26日

    作者:陈岚桦

    我们这一代人,从小就受伟大领袖“为人民服务”的教导。上世纪八十年代初,我还在上小学,几个北京知青出身的教师,为了教育我们亲身体会 “为人民服务”的思想,带我们参观了学校的麦地、磨房和大食堂,看看平时吃的馒头是如何做出来的。在热气腾腾的蒸笼边,炊事员大叔操着豫西方言语重心长地对我们讲,别看这小小一个馒头,它经过播种、收割、脱粒,然后运到工厂加工,最后才到食堂制成馒头,所以,你们要尊重农民伯伯和工人叔叔的劳动。正是他们的为人民服务,才有你们今天吃的馒头。

    听完这个故事,老师教育我们除了要珍惜粮食,更要记住所有的成果都是集体劳动的结晶。若没有伙房大师傅蒸馒头,我们就要挨饿,所以,大家都要融入集体,要有甘当“螺丝钉”的精神。这种“没有……,就要……”的思维定势,其实在今天还有很大的市场。

    但多年以来,一个解不开的疑问始终萦绕于心:我们又没有白吃他们的东西,是付了钱的。何必要感激这个,感激那个呢?用《水浒》里鲁智深的话说:“洒家又不曾白吃你的。”但是,这话当时是不敢问的。即便当时是思想刚刚启蒙的1980年代,问这个“大逆不道”的问题,也是要被当场拿下的。

    直到读研时看了英国古典经济学家亚当·斯密的《国富论》(全名《国民财富的性质与原因的研究》)后,才解开了多年的心结。其内容与蒸馒头的故事类似,不过他们得出的结论,却和“为人民服务”大相径庭。

    亚当·斯密在《国富论》中写道:“我们每天所需的食料和饮料,不是出自屠户、酿酒家或面包师的恩惠,而是出于他们自利的打算。我们不说自己有需要,而是说对他们有利。社会上,除乞丐外,没有一个人愿意全然靠别人的恩惠过活。”

    这就是说,屠夫、酿酒师、面包师生产肉类、酒和面包,不是要真正为谁“奉献”,而是一种“自利”的行为。但在他们获利的同时,无形中也增进了他人的福利。亚当·斯密进一步解释说,在市场价格机制下,只要双方自愿交易,这种交换对双方就是有利的,这种每一个经济主体的逐利行为,在一只“看不见的手”的指引下,就能够增进国家的财富和人类的福祉。因此,这种每个人客观的“自利”的行为,不需要先预设为谁“无私奉献”,也能够增进社会的福利。

    因此,在今天看来,根本就不存在“谁欠谁”和“没有…,就…”的问题。也就是说,在市场经济下,价格机制使人们各自谋求自身利益,同时也能使每一个人得益。这就是我们今天通常理解的市场用 “看不见的手”来调控人与人之间的行为。

    尽管亚当·斯密承认人的利己本性,但他强调 “自利”(self-interest)并不等于自私(selfish-ness),更不等于贪婪(greedy)。斯密肯定了人从利己出发行事的合理性,但他也指责自私与贪婪给社会带来的负面作用。亚当·斯密在其另一本著作《道德情操论》中强调,人应该有同情心,有道德,懂得爱自己,也爱别人,这才是一个完整的符合人性的人。斯密认为经济学家和从业人员在掌握市场经济规律的同时,更要“流淌着道德的血液”。

    其实,《国富论》中所提倡的“自利”精神,也符合伟大领袖说的“为人民服务”的精神,只是解读的角度不同而已。难怪著名作家张贤亮在经商成功后,当有人问及他经商的秘诀时,他深有感触地说:“市场经济本质上是为人民服务的经济,你必须把别人的需要放在第一位。”笔者理解这句话,就是企业家提供的产品和服务,既满足他人的需求,自己又赚到了钱,这大概也是“为人民服务”的另一种解读吧。

    (责任编辑:蒋帅)

  • Kai Chen on Glazov Gang
    陈凯访谈/专制与自由





    Glazov Gang Show 10/16/2013

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...

    Kai Chen on Glazov Gang
    陈凯访谈/专制与自由





    Glazov Gang Show 10/16/2013

  • “巨大的倒退”:新领导下的“毛复兴”

    德国之声

    10/3/13

    毛泽东死了,但他还活着。中国领导人不去反思毛泽东的错误,反而对他高呼万岁。观察家们认为这是一个“巨大的倒退”

    (德国之声中文网)豆大的雨点打在这位权力最高的中国领导人身上。不过,在北京天安门广场参加国庆典礼的习近平却不动声色,将花篮端正地摆放在近40米高的”人民英雄纪念碑”前。当童声合唱团献上一首讴歌共产党的歌时,习近平打起一把黑伞,举目远眺。在偌大的广场另一头,毛泽东1949年用带着湖南口音的颤抖的声音宣布:”中国人民从此站起来了。”即便毛泽东的名字并不时时出现,但他其实无处不在。

    逝世近40年后,这位中国共产党的”伟大领袖”又回到了现实生活中。党和国家主席习近平掀起了一场意识形态运动,要求他的党深刻地整顿党风,并且犹如文革中一般让国家干部们在会上展开”批评和自我批评”。但是,夺取百万人生命的毛时代的阴暗面却没有人提及。

    恰恰相反。”我们的红色江山永不变色”,习近平不久前这样强调。6米半高、5米宽的毛泽东画像高高地悬挂在通向帝王宫殿的天安门城门上。这是中国拍照最多的景点。毛泽东像被作为吉祥物挂在出租车后视镜上,在毛泽东逝世25年后,2001年发行的人民币纸币从一元到100元,正面都是毛泽东的头像。

  • Hacienda La Puente school district votes to censure Joseph Chang

    By Steve Scauzillo, San Gabriel Valley Tribune

    Posted: 09/27/13, 7:49 PM

    The Hacienda La Puente Unified School District board censured fellow board member Joseph Chang on Thursday night, citing several ethics violations, including taking unauthorized trips to China to recruit foreign students, violating the board’s conflict of interest policy and overstepping his authority.

    This was the first censure of a board member in the history of the district, according to school officials. Founded in 1970, HLPUSD is the largest school district in the San Gabriel Valley with 78,000 K-12 and adult students at 17 elementary, six K-8, four middle and five high schools and adult-education facilities.

    The board voted 3-1 for censure. School board members Jay Chen, Anthony Duarte and Rudy Chavarria voted in favor, while Chang voted in opposition. Board member Gino Kwok abstained.

    Censure is a rebuke by the board of Chang’s actions but holds no other legal ramifications. Chang can continue in his duties on the board and is also running for re-election on Nov. 5.

    Earlier this month, Board member Anthony Duarte asked for the censure motion after a 66-page report authorized by the former superintendent said Chang’s trips were inappropriate and unauthorized. The report said his trips were paid for by BELA, a private recruiting firm, or by Norman Hsu, a former board member and the managing director of BELA. BELA can make between $7,500 and $15,000 over two years, according to the report. Chang’s participation, combined with his votes on the program and specifically on lowering district tuition for foreign students, could constitute a conflict of interest, according to the report.

    Hsu, speaking through his attorneys at Dhillon & Smith, said in a written answer to questions that “BELA does not charge students to come to the United States.” The attorneys also wrote that BELA has not received compensation for housing students in the U.S.

    The report also contends Chang may have pressured teachers at Wilson High School in Hacienda Heights to accept students from China who did not meet English language proficiency requirements in order to continue the flow of students into Wilson High. The report said Chang’s credibility could have been in question when he suggested a student from China continue attend district schools illegally, beyond the federal visa one-year limit.

    “The consensus is the staff felt they were pressured and bullied by Dr. Chang,” Duarte said before voting in favor of censure.

    He said the issue raised by other board members that the public may not have had adequate time to understand the censure was resolved, saying the community has read the report and many have expressed their views to the board since it was detailed in the San Gabriel Valley Tribune earlier this month.

    Chang and Kwok are being investigated by the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office Public Integrity Division, which has asked for the two board member’s economic interest forms and other pertinent board documents relating to unauthorized trips to China and the possible connection to BELA.

    Kwok said his trip to China was authorized. He was not subject to censure.

    Chang sat silent during most of the discussion on censure. After Chen read a lengthy motion citing the reasons for censure, Chang blurted out: “All these allegations are without proof. They were fabricated by you.”

    Attorney Steven Haskins, with the law firm Arent Fox, read a letter to the board written by Chang’s main attorney, Stephen G. Larson, asking the board to hold off on a censure motion until the District Attorney’s investigation is concluded.

    He also said the Fair Political Practices Commission is investigating.

    “We are confident that, after these false claims are fully reviewed by the authorities, Dr. Chang will be found to be completely innocent of any allegation of wrongdoing,” Haskins read from the letter.

    Longtime board critic Rudy Obad said during the public comment period that the international program should be suspended. “Mr. Chang, I say you should resign. But if you are proven guilty, I hope they lock you up.”

    Margaret Caldera, CSEA spokesperson and 26-year employee, cited the problems listed in the report with some of the foreign students who were living in homes without adequate food and heat. One student reported to the district police that he was so stressed his hair was falling out.

    “There were reports of child abuse and neglect. That is where our main focus should be,” she said. Caldera asked the board to examine the district’s police reports on the allegations of poor living conditions.

    Chen said the censure action will help the board regain the trust of the public and help the district “to put this behind us.”

  • Hacienda La Puente school district votes to censure Joseph Chang

    By Steve Scauzillo, San Gabriel Valley Tribune

    Posted: 09/27/13, 7:49 PM

    The Hacienda La Puente Unified School District board censured fellow board member Joseph Chang on Thursday night, citing several ethics violations, including taking unauthorized trips to China to recruit foreign students, violating the board’s conflict of interest policy and overstepping his authority.

    This was the first censure of a board member in the history of the district, according to school officials. Founded in 1970, HLPUSD is the largest school district in the San Gabriel Valley with 78,000 K-12 and adult students at 17 elementary, six K-8, four middle and five high schools and adult-education facilities.

    The board voted 3-1 for censure. School board members Jay Chen, Anthony Duarte and Rudy Chavarria voted in favor, while Chang voted in opposition. Board member Gino Kwok abstained.

    Censure is a rebuke by the board of Chang’s actions but holds no other legal ramifications. Chang can continue in his duties on the board and is also running for re-election on Nov. 5.

    Earlier this month, Board member Anthony Duarte asked for the censure motion after a 66-page report authorized by the former superintendent said Chang’s trips were inappropriate and unauthorized. The report said his trips were paid for by BELA, a private recruiting firm, or by Norman Hsu, a former board member and the managing director of BELA. BELA can make between $7,500 and $15,000 over two years, according to the report. Chang’s participation, combined with his votes on the program and specifically on lowering district tuition for foreign students, could constitute a conflict of interest, according to the report.

    Hsu, speaking through his attorneys at Dhillon & Smith, said in a written answer to questions that “BELA does not charge students to come to the United States.” The attorneys also wrote that BELA has not received compensation for housing students in the U.S.

    The report also contends Chang may have pressured teachers at Wilson High School in Hacienda Heights to accept students from China who did not meet English language proficiency requirements in order to continue the flow of students into Wilson High. The report said Chang’s credibility could have been in question when he suggested a student from China continue attend district schools illegally, beyond the federal visa one-year limit.

    “The consensus is the staff felt they were pressured and bullied by Dr. Chang,” Duarte said before voting in favor of censure.

    He said the issue raised by other board members that the public may not have had adequate time to understand the censure was resolved, saying the community has read the report and many have expressed their views to the board since it was detailed in the San Gabriel Valley Tribune earlier this month.

    Chang and Kwok are being investigated by the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office Public Integrity Division, which has asked for the two board member’s economic interest forms and other pertinent board documents relating to unauthorized trips to China and the possible connection to BELA.

    Kwok said his trip to China was authorized. He was not subject to censure.

    Chang sat silent during most of the discussion on censure. After Chen read a lengthy motion citing the reasons for censure, Chang blurted out: “All these allegations are without proof. They were fabricated by you.”

    Attorney Steven Haskins, with the law firm Arent Fox, read a letter to the board written by Chang’s main attorney, Stephen G. Larson, asking the board to hold off on a censure motion until the District Attorney’s investigation is concluded.

    He also said the Fair Political Practices Commission is investigating.

    “We are confident that, after these false claims are fully reviewed by the authorities, Dr. Chang will be found to be completely innocent of any allegation of wrongdoing,” Haskins read from the letter.

    Longtime board critic Rudy Obad said during the public comment period that the international program should be suspended. “Mr. Chang, I say you should resign. But if you are proven guilty, I hope they lock you up.”

    Margaret Caldera, CSEA spokesperson and 26-year employee, cited the problems listed in the report with some of the foreign students who were living in homes without adequate food and heat. One student reported to the district police that he was so stressed his hair was falling out.

    “There were reports of child abuse and neglect. That is where our main focus should be,” she said. Caldera asked the board to examine the district’s police reports on the allegations of poor living conditions.

    Chen said the censure action will help the board regain the trust of the public and help the district “to put this behind us.”

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...


    Kai Chen with his Olympic Freedom T-shirt at the School Board Meeing in Hacienda

    哈岗两学委被调查
    DA investigating Hacienda Board Members


    Hacienda La Puente school board member criticized over China trips

    Board will consider whether to censure Joseph Chang in wake of district probe that found his trips created a conflict of interest. Chang denies wrongdoing, calls attacks politically motivated.

    Hacienda La Puente school board member Joseph Chang gets ready for a news conference in Hacienda Heights at which he responded to accusations of conflict of interest. (Anne Cusack, Los Angeles Times / September 25, 2013)

    By Cindy Chang
    September 25, 2013, 9:11 p.m.

    In an auditorium in eastern China, Hacienda La Puente school board member Joseph Chang posed for a photograph with 15 students who planned to spend their senior year at Wilson High.

    Wearing a black suit and red tie, a beaming Chang was surrounded by teenagers whose parents would shell out tens of thousands of dollars for a year of secondary education in Hacienda Heights, ideally followed by a top American university.

    Also at the school that day in August 2012 was Norman Hsu, a former school board member who now works for Bela Education Group, a private company that recruits Chinese students to study in the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District.

    Chang is now facing questions over who paid his airfare to China and whether he used his elected position to benefit Hsu's company.

    On Thursday, Chang's school board colleagues will consider whether to censure him after a district investigation found that the trip and several others created a conflict of interest. The Los Angeles County district attorney's office has written to the school district asking for documents relating to Chang's China travels.

    "There are very questionable ties to existing and past board members," said school board President Jay Chen, who is critical of the arrangement with Bela. "There are far too many conflicts of interest, the kind of thing that really shakes public confidence in elected officials."

    Chang held a news conference Wednesday to accuse Chen of attacking him for political gain. A math professor at Cal State Fullerton, Chang is up for reelection in November, with five other candidates competing for three seats.

    "My Bela relationship is only to help them to establish the program," Chang said. "I don't have anything from Bela. Nothing. So this always tying me to Bela is a false accusation, trying to fabricate that I got profits from them. This is really, really dirty politicians trying to attack me."

    In a December 2012 public disclosure, Chang declared that Bela had paid his $1,000 airfare for each of three recruiting trips to China. He said Wednesday that Hsu, who is Bela's managing director, picked up the tab, and that he has since reimbursed his friend.

    Gifts to California elected officials are normally subject to a $420 limit, though some types of travel are exempt. Chang said his trips to China were legal because he was offering his expertise as an educator.

    Chang's critics also allege that he has advocated to keep the district's international student tuition low so Bela can reap a higher profit, and that he has pressured school officials to accept unqualified Chinese students.

    Under federal law, an international student who enrolls in a public high school must pay the full cost of his or her education. That means tuition in the neighborhood of $15,000 in some school districts.

    The Hacienda La Puente district, which has about 20 students from China this year, initially charged $8,600, then raised its fee this summer to $12,900 with the support of all but one board member — still below the $14,459 that the district is spending per pupil this year.

    Bela lists a tuition of nearly $15,000 on its website, along with fees for SAT classes, visa processing and room and board. In all, Chinese families pay Bela about $30,000.

    In an interview Wednesday, Chang said he believed that the $12,900 tuition fee reflected the actual cost to the district. He also said that he has inquired about the status of some international student applications but never pushed school officials to change denials into acceptances.

    Most Chinese students enrolled at Hacienda La Puente this year and last year were not directly associated with Bela, though receipts from the school district listed Chang or Hsu as the recruiter for some students. Bela's presence in the school district, which is already home to many Chinese families, will expand next year with 30 students.

    Hsu, who served on the school board for two decades until 2011 and is still influential in the Hacienda Heights Chinese community, acknowledged that he works for Bela but said he is not involved in any programs related to the school district.

    The district's May 2013 investigative report also found students living with host families who did not always provide them with adequate food, heat or supervision. School administrators have been taxed by the extra work of helping foreign students in the country without their families, the report said.

    "It shouldn't be costing the district and overtaxing the teachers," said Jane Shults, head of the Hacienda La Puente Teachers Assn. "It's a great program to have, but we need to have enough money to take care of these kids."

    cindy.chang@latimes.com
    --------------------------------------------------

    District Attorney investigating two Hacienda La Puente board members

    By Steve Scauzillo, San Gabriel Valley Tribune

    Posted: 09/25/13, 9:56 PM

    The Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office has launched an investigation into two board members with the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District regarding possible illegalities stemming from unauthorized trips to China, the newspaper has learned.

    A letter from District Attorney Jackie Lacey, dated Sept.  19, asks the school district for several documents, including economic interest forms filed by Gino Kwok and Joseph Chang. The forms declare gifts or other compensation received from outsiders.

    According to the letter, the District Attorney’s Public Integrity Division, which looks into wrongdoing of public officials, “is conducting an investigation which requires access to certain documents  ...”

    The letter is signed by Lacey and was addressed to HLPUSD Interim Superintendent Cynthia Parulan-Colfer.

    District Attorney spokeswoman Jean Guccione, when asked if the D.A. had received any of the requested documents said: “We have no comment.”

    The D.A. also is asking for board meeting minutes in which “trips to China involving any HLPUSD employee were approved,” the letter stated.

    Finally, the letter asks the district for a copy of a report examining possible wrongdoings involving the district’s foreign student program. The D.A. asked for the non-redacted version of the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District Administrative Audit, which was prepared by Lozano Smith and attorneys, as well as private investigators from Norman A. Traub Associates.

    According to an article from Sept.  12 in this newspaper, the report laid out serious problems with the program, including host homes with no heat and inadequate food, as well as students subject to verbal abuse and physical ailments.

    The report also focused on four trips to China made by Chang with former board member Norman Hsu, who is affiliated with a private company called BELA Educational Group, which charges students to attend local high schools. Chang and Hsu were visiting schools in China and attempting to recruit Chinese students to attend Wilson High School in Hacienda Heights for a year.

    Hsu, listed as CEO of BELA in a Chinese media report, was collecting $15,000 or more from each student to attend American high schools for a year, according to the report. The HLPUSD charged some of the lowest tuition fees in the region until the board tried to raise the tuition to $14,000. The raise was voted down by Chang and Kwok, who along with the board majority in July, voted to lower the fee to $12,900.

    In comparison, Walnut Valley Unified School District charges $15,000 per student.

    The report concluded that Chang did not tell the board about his trips to China with Hsu and were not authorized by the board. In the report, Chang said he was paid $3,000 for airfare from Hsu, but paid the money back. He said he did not act as an official board representative.

    At a press conference in Hacienda Heights on Wednesday, Chang denied any wrongdoing.

    “I made these trips with good intentions,” he told a mostly friendly audience of supporters gathered at the K-CAL Insurance Co. in a strip mall off Hacienda Boulevard.

    “Hopefully, we can recruit good international students,” he said.

    When a reporter asked him who paid for his trips to China, he said “my friend” — but when pressed to identify the individual, Chang refused.

    Kwok, who attended the conference but did not make a statement, said in an interview that he was surprised his name was on the District Attorney’s letter. “I spoke to Superintendent Cynthia Parulan-Colfer recently, and she said that there is no reason for my name to be involved in any D.A. matter because my name is not even mentioned in any school district investigation,” he wrote in a prepared statement.

    When asked if he took trips to China, he said: “No. Absolutely not.”

    Hsu would not answer any questions about his organization BELA, his trips to China, how much revenue the organization receives per student, or the poor living conditions cited in the report in a few of the host homes.

    He referred all inquiries to his lawyer. When asked to provide his lawyer’s name or contact, he refused.

    “I am not a board member. So I can do anything I want, as long as it is legal,” Hsu said.

    When asked about the accusations in the report about Chang asking a teacher to extend the one-year visa of a student from China or about pressuring the district to accept students from China who were not academically qualified, Chang either denied the allegation or blamed fellow board member Jay Chen.

    “He (Chen) is attacking me  ... to develop his political career,” Chang said.

    In November, Chen ran for Congress as a Democrat and lost to incumbent Rep. Ed Royce, R-Rowland Heights. Hsu and Chang were supporters of Royce.

    Chen, reached by phone, said he did not know how to respond to such an allegation.

    He has been raising the issue of the foreign student program for almost a year. He said he was concerned a board member or former board member may be profiting off of students that come to the district and take up an inordinate amount of teacher time, time that is taken away from the district’s resident students.

    “I think this is a very serious matter,” Chen said. “The D.A. would not be putting forward this case unless there is significant indication some wrongdoing has taken place.”

    He emphasized that the District Attorney is looking into two board members only and not the district or its administration. “The district has not been accused of doing anything wrong.”

    At its meeting today, the school board has scheduled a censure of board member Chang.

    A censure is a rebuke of a school board member’s behavior.

  • Hacienda La Puente school board member criticized over China trips
    Board will consider whether to censure Joseph Chang in wake of district probe that found his trips created a conflict of interest. Chang denies wrongdoing, calls attacks politically motivated.

    Hacienda La Puente school board member Joseph Chang gets ready for a news conference in Hacienda Heights at which he responded to accusations of conflict of interest. (Anne Cusack, Los Angeles Times / September 25, 2013)

    By Cindy Chang
    September 25, 2013, 9:11 p.m.

    In an auditorium in eastern China, Hacienda La Puente school board member Joseph Chang posed for a photograph with 15 students who planned to spend their senior year at Wilson High.

    Wearing a black suit and red tie, a beaming Chang was surrounded by teenagers whose parents would shell out tens of thousands of dollars for a year of secondary education in Hacienda Heights, ideally followed by a top American university.

    Also at the school that day in August 2012 was Norman Hsu, a former school board member who now works for Bela Education Group, a private company that recruits Chinese students to study in the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District.

    Chang is now facing questions over who paid his airfare to China and whether he used his elected position to benefit Hsu's company.

    On Thursday, Chang's school board colleagues will consider whether to censure him after a district investigation found that the trip and several others created a conflict of interest. The Los Angeles County district attorney's office has written to the school district asking for documents relating to Chang's China travels.

    "There are very questionable ties to existing and past board members," said school board President Jay Chen, who is critical of the arrangement with Bela. "There are far too many conflicts of interest, the kind of thing that really shakes public confidence in elected officials."

    Chang held a news conference Wednesday to accuse Chen of attacking him for political gain. A math professor at Cal State Fullerton, Chang is up for reelection in November, with five other candidates competing for three seats.

    "My Bela relationship is only to help them to establish the program," Chang said. "I don't have anything from Bela. Nothing. So this always tying me to Bela is a false accusation, trying to fabricate that I got profits from them. This is really, really dirty politicians trying to attack me."

    In a December 2012 public disclosure, Chang declared that Bela had paid his $1,000 airfare for each of three recruiting trips to China. He said Wednesday that Hsu, who is Bela's managing director, picked up the tab, and that he has since reimbursed his friend.

    Gifts to California elected officials are normally subject to a $420 limit, though some types of travel are exempt. Chang said his trips to China were legal because he was offering his expertise as an educator.

    Chang's critics also allege that he has advocated to keep the district's international student tuition low so Bela can reap a higher profit, and that he has pressured school officials to accept unqualified Chinese students.

    Under federal law, an international student who enrolls in a public high school must pay the full cost of his or her education. That means tuition in the neighborhood of $15,000 in some school districts.

    The Hacienda La Puente district, which has about 20 students from China this year, initially charged $8,600, then raised its fee this summer to $12,900 with the support of all but one board member — still below the $14,459 that the district is spending per pupil this year.

    Bela lists a tuition of nearly $15,000 on its website, along with fees for SAT classes, visa processing and room and board. In all, Chinese families pay Bela about $30,000.

    In an interview Wednesday, Chang said he believed that the $12,900 tuition fee reflected the actual cost to the district. He also said that he has inquired about the status of some international student applications but never pushed school officials to change denials into acceptances.

    Most Chinese students enrolled at Hacienda La Puente this year and last year were not directly associated with Bela, though receipts from the school district listed Chang or Hsu as the recruiter for some students. Bela's presence in the school district, which is already home to many Chinese families, will expand next year with 30 students.

    Hsu, who served on the school board for two decades until 2011 and is still influential in the Hacienda Heights Chinese community, acknowledged that he works for Bela but said he is not involved in any programs related to the school district.

    The district's May 2013 investigative report also found students living with host families who did not always provide them with adequate food, heat or supervision. School administrators have been taxed by the extra work of helping foreign students in the country without their families, the report said.

    "It shouldn't be costing the district and overtaxing the teachers," said Jane Shults, head of the Hacienda La Puente Teachers Assn. "It's a great program to have, but we need to have enough money to take care of these kids."

    cindy.1c
    --------------------------------------------------

    District Attorney investigating two Hacienda La Puente board members

    By Steve Scauzillo, San Gabriel Valley Tribune

    Posted: 09/25/13, 9:56 PM

    The Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office has launched an investigation into two board members with the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District regarding possible illegalities stemming from unauthorized trips to China, the newspaper has learned.

    A letter from District Attorney Jackie Lacey, dated Sept.  19, asks the school district for several documents, including economic interest forms filed by Gino Kwok and Joseph Chang. The forms declare gifts or other compensation received from outsiders.

    According to the letter, the District Attorney’s Public Integrity Division, which looks into wrongdoing of public officials, “is conducting an investigation which requires access to certain documents  ...”

    The letter is signed by Lacey and was addressed to HLPUSD Interim Superintendent Cynthia Parulan-Colfer.

    District Attorney spokeswoman Jean Guccione, when asked if the D.A. had received any of the requested documents said: “We have no comment.”

    The D.A. also is asking for board meeting minutes in which “trips to China involving any HLPUSD employee were approved,” the letter stated.

    Finally, the letter asks the district for a copy of a report examining possible wrongdoings involving the district’s foreign student program. The D.A. asked for the non-redacted version of the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District Administrative Audit, which was prepared by Lozano Smith and attorneys, as well as private investigators from Norman A. Traub Associates.

    According to an article from Sept.  12 in this newspaper, the report laid out serious problems with the program, including host homes with no heat and inadequate food, as well as students subject to verbal abuse and physical ailments.

    The report also focused on four trips to China made by Chang with former board member Norman Hsu, who is affiliated with a private company called BELA Educational Group, which charges students to attend local high schools. Chang and Hsu were visiting schools in China and attempting to recruit Chinese students to attend Wilson High School in Hacienda Heights for a year.

    Hsu, listed as CEO of BELA in a Chinese media report, was collecting $15,000 or more from each student to attend American high schools for a year, according to the report. The HLPUSD charged some of the lowest tuition fees in the region until the board tried to raise the tuition to $14,000. The raise was voted down by Chang and Kwok, who along with the board majority in July, voted to lower the fee to $12,900.

    In comparison, Walnut Valley Unified School District charges $15,000 per student.

    The report concluded that Chang did not tell the board about his trips to China with Hsu and were not authorized by the board. In the report, Chang said he was paid $3,000 for airfare from Hsu, but paid the money back. He said he did not act as an official board representative.

    At a press conference in Hacienda Heights on Wednesday, Chang denied any wrongdoing.

    “I made these trips with good intentions,” he told a mostly friendly audience of supporters gathered at the K-CAL Insurance Co. in a strip mall off Hacienda Boulevard.

    “Hopefully, we can recruit good international students,” he said.

    When a reporter asked him who paid for his trips to China, he said “my friend” — but when pressed to identify the individual, Chang refused.

    Kwok, who attended the conference but did not make a statement, said in an interview that he was surprised his name was on the District Attorney’s letter. “I spoke to Superintendent Cynthia Parulan-Colfer recently, and she said that there is no reason for my name to be involved in any D.A. matter because my name is not even mentioned in any school district investigation,” he wrote in a prepared statement.

    When asked if he took trips to China, he said: “No. Absolutely not.”

    Hsu would not answer any questions about his organization BELA, his trips to China, how much revenue the organization receives per student, or the poor living conditions cited in the report in a few of the host homes.

    He referred all inquiries to his lawyer. When asked to provide his lawyer’s name or contact, he refused.

    “I am not a board member. So I can do anything I want, as long as it is legal,” Hsu said.

    When asked about the accusations in the report about Chang asking a teacher to extend the one-year visa of a student from China or about pressuring the district to accept students from China who were not academically qualified, Chang either denied the allegation or blamed fellow board member Jay Chen.

    “He (Chen) is attacking me  ... to develop his political career,” Chang said.

    In November, Chen ran for Congress as a Democrat and lost to incumbent Rep. Ed Royce, R-Rowland Heights. Hsu and Chang were supporters of Royce.

    Chen, reached by phone, said he did not know how to respond to such an allegation.

    He has been raising the issue of the foreign student program for almost a year. He said he was concerned a board member or former board member may be profiting off of students that come to the district and take up an inordinate amount of teacher time, time that is taken away from the district’s resident students.

    “I think this is a very serious matter,” Chen said. “The D.A. would not be putting forward this case unless there is significant indication some wrongdoing has taken place.”

    He emphasized that the District Attorney is looking into two board members only and not the district or its administration. “The district has not been accused of doing anything wrong.”

    At its meeting today, the school board has scheduled a censure of board member Chang.

    A censure is a rebuke of a school board member’s behavior.

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...


    Chinese language produces living dead 中文语言只制造活死人

    邱震海新作《中國人成熟嗎?》的感想 - 華人精神盲點源於漢語邏輯

    2013年8月21日

    邱震海新作《中國人成熟嗎?》是近年來對華人本質的論述作品之中,比較全面科學化地把華人的思維模式展示給讀者,與其它的民族性格論述,心理分析論述或行為模式論述不同。

    這本書集中討論「中國人集體精神世界的成熟程度問題」。邱老師認為:中國人須從聰穎走向成熟,中國人悟性很強,但缺少的是「臨門一腳」的理性精神的學習和培養。

    「清末新政,我們功虧一簣,不然20世紀中國歷史將會改寫;辛亥革命,我們功虧一簣,不然20世紀的血雨腥風將可避免;如今,中國的改革又到了十字路口,各派爭執不休,我們是否又要功虧一簣?」:邱震海感同身受地一問。

    邱老師認為中國人須擺脫情緒直達核心,並對中國人的本質進行一次全新研究。本人十分同意,華人的思維盲點有需要作全面分析,最好的方法是直接瞭解華人的大腦結構、意識形成、思維建立及思考模式。

    通過功能性磁力共振儀,我們可以利用活人來研究人類的大腦思維,現在科學家已經掌握了大量有關思維原理的模型,比如記憶的形成與消亡,大腦不同區域的功能大家現在所瞭解的有關語音區、視覺區、聽覺區、平衡區、圖形區、符號區、味覺區,加速區與身體感官區等等。科學家利用高功能的新型功能性磁力共振儀,對納米大小的腦神經細胞進行近距離的定向觀察,並發現了注意力、意志力等多維高階思維模式的模型。

    原來人類思想的構成機制並非由邏輯來主導的,最主要的主導原因是腦神經細胞之間的關聯性結構(Neuro-correlation)。 在語音思維形成的時候,音、意、景、物、形等的感覺會由產生的時候所觸動的所有腦細胞產生改變,並引發記憶區內的腦神經做出一系列的特定形態,並產生了一個特定的記憶的細胞群。

    通過腦科學家的研究,當我們用中文來思考數學計算的時候,華人所用的大腦區間與美國人所用的大腦區間是不同的。這證明華人的思維方法,或是用中文來思考的方法與美國人是完全不一樣。 中國語言與文字在兒童成長期間內,已經在個人的大腦之內產生了其獨特的結構與聯繫模式,這個模式是一種長久性的結構化,除非該兒童在成長期內學習其他語言和文字,這種結構化會影響他的一生。

    腦科學家有關嬰兒神經結構的研究之中,發現了一個腦神經細胞減少的過程。嬰兒由0歲至3歲,腦神經不停地進行相互關聯,也不停地消亡。由原來的1000億多個神經細胞減少到50%,在此期間,這些腦神經細胞進行重組,包括語言功能,形成語言神經區、視覺神經區、聽覺神經區、觸覺神經區,與其他20多種感官區例如音樂區等,在這些神經細胞的相互聯繫之中產生了自我意識、自動學習與鍛煉的大腦。語言區是其中一個非常重要的思考區域,它的作用綜合了各種感官與形態的細胞所提供的資訊,並進行概念化處理,為將來的高階思維模式提供了基礎。所以說,為什麼嬰兒的語言學習對其將來的智力發展最為重要。

    除了日常生活之外,嬰兒大腦的日常工作離不開語言的學習與應用。語言的形成是綜合了音、意、形、色、景、事與觀的綜合概念過程,例如,中國語言中的媽媽、我們一想起這個語音的時候就會產生有關各項感覺,這就是嬰兒對世界的認知過程。

    嬰兒從單字、雙字、三字的形成,漸漸地在嬰兒大腦產生了語音區域與其學習的機制。這種機制是一種高階思維模式(High-Order-Thought)的雛形,這種高階思維模式是一種將來形成自我意識、自我認識和行為習慣的基礎。

    中國文字與其他國家的文字非常不同,區別是在中文是一種圖形文字。它與其它的文字在腦神經細胞形成所擁有的模式與神經結構化過程產生辦法不一樣,舉個例子,英語是屬於語音與文字同體性質,在一個英語單詞出現在腦神經的時候,它只會與語音區、符號區產生關聯,之間的腦神經聯接比較緊密。

    相反,由於中文語音與文字並非同體性質,就是說華人在學習語言的時候已經能產生比較獨立的思考體系,它與中國文字的圖形腦神經區的相關聯接並不緊密。結果,新的中文圖形區會產生另外一種鬆散式的思維模式,並獨立於原來的語言區。

    對於學習中文的兒童,由於中文是一種象形文字,兒童在學習的時候會把中文放在圖形區,並不是語音區。這種區域的分佈,會形成兩個獨立的思維區域。簡單來說,華人的思維模式是比較複雜,更多層次。

    所以為什麼很多外國人總是不明白,華人在想什麼。同樣的情況,華人也不明白外國人在想什麼。這就是因為大家的腦思維結構有所差別所致。

    由於語言及文字的相對獨立及具體,使華人產生了兩個獨立的思維體系在同一個大腦之中,所以華人的心理結構、行為模式、推理方法、處理態度、工作態度、生活態度、家庭觀念、社會觀念、世界觀念也與其他國家與民族不同。

    簡單來說,大部分的華人的思維模式是一種典型的二元性思維結構,這種二元性思維結構表現在平時的生活上,絕大部分的老百姓是用語音區來思維,他的思維特性的行為表現是實際、勤奮、刻苦、順從、忘我,比較容易接受權力的支配。

    由於這種二元性的思維模式,使華人不容易產生一種具有邏輯性思考的方法 ,面對21世紀挑戰,中國要發展成為一個科技大國,國人必須加強有關邏輯性的思維教肓。

    孔子是最瞭解華人的特性,他主張,華人要修身、治國、平天下,就是因為華人的二元思維容易產生一種不穩定的內心狀態,並容易在行為上失控,故此,孔子提出華人先要做的是修身。

    相信大家都聽過「語言決定論」及「語言相對論」這二個理論指出語言是一個地區、群體、民族、國家最重要的本質,其他方方面面的事情,包括經濟發展、教肓水準、文明程度、社會價值觀、政治制度、資源分配、權力分佈等,都是該地方語言的投射現象而已。

    語言相對論是一個未經科學實驗證明的假設性理論,簡單來說,什麼國人,說什麼語言,用什麼文字,便會出現什麼文明、出現什麼政府、出現什麼食品。這一切都是相對等的。

    香港中文大學的張學新教授,發表了劃時代的N200 腦電圖的科研成果,並提出了漢語並非象形文字,而是一種獨有的視覺文字。漢語與世界各國的拼音文字有著本質上的差異,漢語有其獨有的羅輯糸統;這種「漢語羅輯」並不同於西方語言的傳統抽象羅輯。

    張教授的全新發現突破了數百年來大眾對漢語語言學,漢語心理學,漢語神結經科學的科研努力,這一發現震撼了中國的腦科學界。著名思想家及哲學家黑格爾曾經說過:華人是例外的例外。張教授可能代到了原因:華人在思維決策上與眾不同的最大原因,可能是由於華人長期使用漢語來思維的原故。

    形成「漢語羅輯」的獨特大腦神經結構是因為漢語文字的特性做成,眾所周知漢字是一種圖像文字或稱象形文字,它通過視覺神經進入大腦,相對其他拼音文字附號,漢字的圖像顯得復習得多,漢字之間的變化又大,漢字的數目又多;大腦需要更大的腦神經結集及運算,才能夠對每個進入大腦的漢字進行差異化、個別化、意像化的深層次分類;在進行思考的時候,漢語思維必然再一次從視覺神經區之中,重新接觸原來的視覺感官神結經結,提取關連的意竟,除去差異,再重新組合神經結。由於漢字的復習、多變和數量大,人類大腦的神經連結只是一個仿真系統(Analogue system) ,不可能在每次的組合過程都完美,結果的後果是意念的不準確變成普遍現象,大大影響到抽象概念化能力的產生。

    現代羅輯是科學理論的基石,它需要準確的抽象概念能力的運用,進行抽象的推理、歸納、假設、演化以及結論等的程式,整個運作過程,對大腦神結經的要求很高,而最重要的一點,便是意念的清晰。

    由於華人長期使用漢語的原故,華人的思維模式也慢慢地變作漢語思維模式,若果這個人從嬰兒期到成年期之中,沒有接受外語教育的話,他的一生的思維模式將受到漢語思維的限制,很少人能夠跳出語言思維的困局。世界知名的思維學家Edward de Bono 曾經指出,每個人的思維能力與其所學的語言有極大的關係,要變做一個有創新能力的人,便先要衝破語言的鎖鏈。漢語是一種「感官語言」,它與使用者形成一套連結身體視覺、聽覺、觸覺、味覺及嗅覺等的全面性神經細胞連結系統,並產生出特有的漢語羅輯。

    日本作家加藤嘉一曾寫了一本書:「中國的羅輯」,他指出漢語羅輯的特性是主觀、感性、多變、無標準、個人化、重血緣和隨意。這些特性與一個現代化的大國的型象有很大的差距,他表示大多數華人並未達到作為現代公民的資格;例如食品的安全問題,華人是缺乏人類的基本道德規範,不單只沒有現代人的普世道德價值,不能害別人,更視法律為個人的工具,全無客觀科學的標準。如果想與華人討論人權、民主、自由、法治、公義、平等和環保等當今現代人的普世價值觀,只是對牛彈琴,大部份華人是沒有這些抽象概念。

    「漢語思維與羅輯」是華人走向現代文明的最大障礙。正所謂「成也蕭何,敗也蕭何」,漢語曾經幫助華人建立起輝煌的中華文化,唐朝是一個全球最繁榮昌盛的帝國,史稱「天朝」,宋朝時期,無論是文化藝術、飲食旅遊、衣服飾物及建築設計,都是別具一格,在人類美學歷史上留下印記。漢語是一種「感性的藝術語言」,漢語用來寫詩、作畫、寫意景,都是一流的文字;可惜的是,漢語並非萬能的,它並不是一種「理性的科學語言」,漢語用來寫現代法律、作數學運算、寫科學推論,都顯得不倫不類。正可能是這種「漢語的弱點」,引至華人的思想時常過於感性及單一,例如:見到長城便想流淚 — 華人情緒核心。

    二元性思維模式的其中一個優勢,便是模仿力強,原因是因為兒童在產生二元性思維的時候,大腦神經系統需要進行一次巨大的重塑進程,由於中國文字的圖形特性,在兒童學習中文的時候,文字會首先由視覺神經系統轉化為影像,並進入了圖像區域,與此同時,該文字的語音由聽覺神經,轉化到聽覺區域,這些由聽覺神經會與原來的聽覺記憶神經進行相互對接,並由聽覺區間的記憶神經與其他有關語音的感覺記憶神經,例如:情、景、意等各種原來的記憶神經交流並重組。腦科學家發現,這個記憶神經細胞群有一促在增加記憶的時候的重組過程,可惜的是,可能是因為記憶細胞群的承載量的限制,圖像記憶細胞所需的細胞可能更多,它不能由原來的語言記憶細胞群所容納,而要在大腦圖像區重新建立一級圖像記憶細胞。

    經過這種大腦重塑過程,中國兒童能夠有兩個思考區間,也由於中國兒童在6至7歲時候已經能夠建立兩個思考區間,故此,中國兒童之學習能力與領悟能力也比同齡的西方兒童為高,其中的原因是由於在形成兩個思維區的時候,必須也同時創造出一個新的控制區來協調它們,這個新的思維控制區便是概念化區域,它的位置是在大腦前葉之內,並不在聽覺區及視覺區之內。

    概念化區間是多層高階思維模式的基礎,它主導著兒童到少年,以及成年的智力、推理能力,價值觀等高階思維。

    中國兒童普遍要比其他國家兒童更為醒目的原因是他們的概念化區的發展較其他國家兒童為早,故此,在大部分的智力測驗之中,中國兒童都是在比較高的位置。

    可惜的是,人類大腦的結構是非主動性的,即是說人的大腦神經也是十分懶,如果沒有需要及外部或自我的要求,它會減慢發展,中國大部分人的大腦到了形成二元性思維模式及建構了簡單的概念化思維模式便停了,不發展。

    孔子說:吾日三省吾身,這是因為內省是一個發展的概念化的思維區的重要步驟,我們通過內省(Introspection)的方式,可以強化及重塑概念,使一個更有個體意識的自我形成,並能夠產生一種客觀的思考方法。

    一個完整的概念化思維模式,會具備歸納、分類、推理、邏輯、客觀辯證、計畫、同理、設計、創作、模擬等多層高階思維能力。

    這一種具有高度與完整的概念化思維能力在中國成年人並不常見,即使經過大學教育,還有很多畢業生並不具有一個全面發展的概念化思維區域。

    原因是具有二元性思維模式的華人,他可以光用文字的圖形思維區,使可以完成大學程度的要求,而不需要用到更高級的概念化思考區,結果的是,很多人的文章可以寫得很多,文字秀麗,但是文章內容往往不合邏輯,經不起推敲。

    而大部分的老百姓,他們畢業之後,根本不用文字區域的思維,只需要用原來的語言區域思維便可以解決日常生活及工作所需,所以中國老百姓就是十分勤勞,而有些忘我之故。

    只有少數華人,他們可能由於生活所需,或出於對知識的追求,或個人興趣的關係,或好奇心驅使,或個人意志的堅持,才能把概念化區域慢慢發展好。

    現今的中國腦力結構可以說是以二元性思維為主體的腦力結構。


  • Chinese language produces living dead 中文语言只制造活死人

    邱震海新作《中國人成熟嗎?》的感想 - 華人精神盲點源於漢語邏輯

    2013年8月21日

    邱震海新作《中國人成熟嗎?》是近年來對華人本質的論述作品之中,比較全面科學化地把華人的思維模式展示給讀者,與其它的民族性格論述,心理分析論述或行為模式論述不同。

    這本書集中討論「中國人集體精神世界的成熟程度問題」。邱老師認為:中國人須從聰穎走向成熟,中國人悟性很強,但缺少的是「臨門一腳」的理性精神的學習和培養。

    「清末新政,我們功虧一簣,不然20世紀中國歷史將會改寫;辛亥革命,我們功虧一簣,不然20世紀的血雨腥風將可避免;如今,中國的改革又到了十字路口,各派爭執不休,我們是否又要功虧一簣?」:邱震海感同身受地一問。

    邱老師認為中國人須擺脫情緒直達核心,並對中國人的本質進行一次全新研究。本人十分同意,華人的思維盲點有需要作全面分析,最好的方法是直接瞭解華人的大腦結構、意識形成、思維建立及思考模式。

    通過功能性磁力共振儀,我們可以利用活人來研究人類的大腦思維,現在科學家已經掌握了大量有關思維原理的模型,比如記憶的形成與消亡,大腦不同區域的功能大家現在所瞭解的有關語音區、視覺區、聽覺區、平衡區、圖形區、符號區、味覺區,加速區與身體感官區等等。科學家利用高功能的新型功能性磁力共振儀,對納米大小的腦神經細胞進行近距離的定向觀察,並發現了注意力、意志力等多維高階思維模式的模型。

    原來人類思想的構成機制並非由邏輯來主導的,最主要的主導原因是腦神經細胞之間的關聯性結構(Neuro-correlation)。 在語音思維形成的時候,音、意、景、物、形等的感覺會由產生的時候所觸動的所有腦細胞產生改變,並引發記憶區內的腦神經做出一系列的特定形態,並產生了一個特定的記憶的細胞群。

    通過腦科學家的研究,當我們用中文來思考數學計算的時候,華人所用的大腦區間與美國人所用的大腦區間是不同的。這證明華人的思維方法,或是用中文來思考的方法與美國人是完全不一樣。 中國語言與文字在兒童成長期間內,已經在個人的大腦之內產生了其獨特的結構與聯繫模式,這個模式是一種長久性的結構化,除非該兒童在成長期內學習其他語言和文字,這種結構化會影響他的一生。

    腦科學家有關嬰兒神經結構的研究之中,發現了一個腦神經細胞減少的過程。嬰兒由0歲至3歲,腦神經不停地進行相互關聯,也不停地消亡。由原來的1000億多個神經細胞減少到50%,在此期間,這些腦神經細胞進行重組,包括語言功能,形成語言神經區、視覺神經區、聽覺神經區、觸覺神經區,與其他20多種感官區例如音樂區等,在這些神經細胞的相互聯繫之中產生了自我意識、自動學習與鍛煉的大腦。語言區是其中一個非常重要的思考區域,它的作用綜合了各種感官與形態的細胞所提供的資訊,並進行概念化處理,為將來的高階思維模式提供了基礎。所以說,為什麼嬰兒的語言學習對其將來的智力發展最為重要。

    除了日常生活之外,嬰兒大腦的日常工作離不開語言的學習與應用。語言的形成是綜合了音、意、形、色、景、事與觀的綜合概念過程,例如,中國語言中的媽媽、我們一想起這個語音的時候就會產生有關各項感覺,這就是嬰兒對世界的認知過程。

    嬰兒從單字、雙字、三字的形成,漸漸地在嬰兒大腦產生了語音區域與其學習的機制。這種機制是一種高階思維模式(High-Order-Thought)的雛形,這種高階思維模式是一種將來形成自我意識、自我認識和行為習慣的基礎。

    中國文字與其他國家的文字非常不同,區別是在中文是一種圖形文字。它與其它的文字在腦神經細胞形成所擁有的模式與神經結構化過程產生辦法不一樣,舉個例子,英語是屬於語音與文字同體性質,在一個英語單詞出現在腦神經的時候,它只會與語音區、符號區產生關聯,之間的腦神經聯接比較緊密。

    相反,由於中文語音與文字並非同體性質,就是說華人在學習語言的時候已經能產生比較獨立的思考體系,它與中國文字的圖形腦神經區的相關聯接並不緊密。結果,新的中文圖形區會產生另外一種鬆散式的思維模式,並獨立於原來的語言區。

    對於學習中文的兒童,由於中文是一種象形文字,兒童在學習的時候會把中文放在圖形區,並不是語音區。這種區域的分佈,會形成兩個獨立的思維區域。簡單來說,華人的思維模式是比較複雜,更多層次。

    所以為什麼很多外國人總是不明白,華人在想什麼。同樣的情況,華人也不明白外國人在想什麼。這就是因為大家的腦思維結構有所差別所致。

    由於語言及文字的相對獨立及具體,使華人產生了兩個獨立的思維體系在同一個大腦之中,所以華人的心理結構、行為模式、推理方法、處理態度、工作態度、生活態度、家庭觀念、社會觀念、世界觀念也與其他國家與民族不同。

    簡單來說,大部分的華人的思維模式是一種典型的二元性思維結構,這種二元性思維結構表現在平時的生活上,絕大部分的老百姓是用語音區來思維,他的思維特性的行為表現是實際、勤奮、刻苦、順從、忘我,比較容易接受權力的支配。

    由於這種二元性的思維模式,使華人不容易產生一種具有邏輯性思考的方法 ,面對21世紀挑戰,中國要發展成為一個科技大國,國人必須加強有關邏輯性的思維教肓。

    孔子是最瞭解華人的特性,他主張,華人要修身、治國、平天下,就是因為華人的二元思維容易產生一種不穩定的內心狀態,並容易在行為上失控,故此,孔子提出華人先要做的是修身。

    相信大家都聽過「語言決定論」及「語言相對論」這二個理論指出語言是一個地區、群體、民族、國家最重要的本質,其他方方面面的事情,包括經濟發展、教肓水準、文明程度、社會價值觀、政治制度、資源分配、權力分佈等,都是該地方語言的投射現象而已。

    語言相對論是一個未經科學實驗證明的假設性理論,簡單來說,什麼國人,說什麼語言,用什麼文字,便會出現什麼文明、出現什麼政府、出現什麼食品。這一切都是相對等的。

    香港中文大學的張學新教授,發表了劃時代的N200 腦電圖的科研成果,並提出了漢語並非象形文字,而是一種獨有的視覺文字。漢語與世界各國的拼音文字有著本質上的差異,漢語有其獨有的羅輯糸統;這種「漢語羅輯」並不同於西方語言的傳統抽象羅輯。

    張教授的全新發現突破了數百年來大眾對漢語語言學,漢語心理學,漢語神結經科學的科研努力,這一發現震撼了中國的腦科學界。著名思想家及哲學家黑格爾曾經說過:華人是例外的例外。張教授可能代到了原因:華人在思維決策上與眾不同的最大原因,可能是由於華人長期使用漢語來思維的原故。

    形成「漢語羅輯」的獨特大腦神經結構是因為漢語文字的特性做成,眾所周知漢字是一種圖像文字或稱象形文字,它通過視覺神經進入大腦,相對其他拼音文字附號,漢字的圖像顯得復習得多,漢字之間的變化又大,漢字的數目又多;大腦需要更大的腦神經結集及運算,才能夠對每個進入大腦的漢字進行差異化、個別化、意像化的深層次分類;在進行思考的時候,漢語思維必然再一次從視覺神經區之中,重新接觸原來的視覺感官神結經結,提取關連的意竟,除去差異,再重新組合神經結。由於漢字的復習、多變和數量大,人類大腦的神經連結只是一個仿真系統(Analogue system) ,不可能在每次的組合過程都完美,結果的後果是意念的不準確變成普遍現象,大大影響到抽象概念化能力的產生。

    現代羅輯是科學理論的基石,它需要準確的抽象概念能力的運用,進行抽象的推理、歸納、假設、演化以及結論等的程式,整個運作過程,對大腦神結經的要求很高,而最重要的一點,便是意念的清晰。

    由於華人長期使用漢語的原故,華人的思維模式也慢慢地變作漢語思維模式,若果這個人從嬰兒期到成年期之中,沒有接受外語教育的話,他的一生的思維模式將受到漢語思維的限制,很少人能夠跳出語言思維的困局。世界知名的思維學家Edward de Bono 曾經指出,每個人的思維能力與其所學的語言有極大的關係,要變做一個有創新能力的人,便先要衝破語言的鎖鏈。漢語是一種「感官語言」,它與使用者形成一套連結身體視覺、聽覺、觸覺、味覺及嗅覺等的全面性神經細胞連結系統,並產生出特有的漢語羅輯。

    日本作家加藤嘉一曾寫了一本書:「中國的羅輯」,他指出漢語羅輯的特性是主觀、感性、多變、無標準、個人化、重血緣和隨意。這些特性與一個現代化的大國的型象有很大的差距,他表示大多數華人並未達到作為現代公民的資格;例如食品的安全問題,華人是缺乏人類的基本道德規範,不單只沒有現代人的普世道德價值,不能害別人,更視法律為個人的工具,全無客觀科學的標準。如果想與華人討論人權、民主、自由、法治、公義、平等和環保等當今現代人的普世價值觀,只是對牛彈琴,大部份華人是沒有這些抽象概念。

    「漢語思維與羅輯」是華人走向現代文明的最大障礙。正所謂「成也蕭何,敗也蕭何」,漢語曾經幫助華人建立起輝煌的中華文化,唐朝是一個全球最繁榮昌盛的帝國,史稱「天朝」,宋朝時期,無論是文化藝術、飲食旅遊、衣服飾物及建築設計,都是別具一格,在人類美學歷史上留下印記。漢語是一種「感性的藝術語言」,漢語用來寫詩、作畫、寫意景,都是一流的文字;可惜的是,漢語並非萬能的,它並不是一種「理性的科學語言」,漢語用來寫現代法律、作數學運算、寫科學推論,都顯得不倫不類。正可能是這種「漢語的弱點」,引至華人的思想時常過於感性及單一,例如:見到長城便想流淚 — 華人情緒核心。

    二元性思維模式的其中一個優勢,便是模仿力強,原因是因為兒童在產生二元性思維的時候,大腦神經系統需要進行一次巨大的重塑進程,由於中國文字的圖形特性,在兒童學習中文的時候,文字會首先由視覺神經系統轉化為影像,並進入了圖像區域,與此同時,該文字的語音由聽覺神經,轉化到聽覺區域,這些由聽覺神經會與原來的聽覺記憶神經進行相互對接,並由聽覺區間的記憶神經與其他有關語音的感覺記憶神經,例如:情、景、意等各種原來的記憶神經交流並重組。腦科學家發現,這個記憶神經細胞群有一促在增加記憶的時候的重組過程,可惜的是,可能是因為記憶細胞群的承載量的限制,圖像記憶細胞所需的細胞可能更多,它不能由原來的語言記憶細胞群所容納,而要在大腦圖像區重新建立一級圖像記憶細胞。

    經過這種大腦重塑過程,中國兒童能夠有兩個思考區間,也由於中國兒童在6至7歲時候已經能夠建立兩個思考區間,故此,中國兒童之學習能力與領悟能力也比同齡的西方兒童為高,其中的原因是由於在形成兩個思維區的時候,必須也同時創造出一個新的控制區來協調它們,這個新的思維控制區便是概念化區域,它的位置是在大腦前葉之內,並不在聽覺區及視覺區之內。

    概念化區間是多層高階思維模式的基礎,它主導著兒童到少年,以及成年的智力、推理能力,價值觀等高階思維。

    中國兒童普遍要比其他國家兒童更為醒目的原因是他們的概念化區的發展較其他國家兒童為早,故此,在大部分的智力測驗之中,中國兒童都是在比較高的位置。

    可惜的是,人類大腦的結構是非主動性的,即是說人的大腦神經也是十分懶,如果沒有需要及外部或自我的要求,它會減慢發展,中國大部分人的大腦到了形成二元性思維模式及建構了簡單的概念化思維模式便停了,不發展。

    孔子說:吾日三省吾身,這是因為內省是一個發展的概念化的思維區的重要步驟,我們通過內省(Introspection)的方式,可以強化及重塑概念,使一個更有個體意識的自我形成,並能夠產生一種客觀的思考方法。

    一個完整的概念化思維模式,會具備歸納、分類、推理、邏輯、客觀辯證、計畫、同理、設計、創作、模擬等多層高階思維能力。

    這一種具有高度與完整的概念化思維能力在中國成年人並不常見,即使經過大學教育,還有很多畢業生並不具有一個全面發展的概念化思維區域。

    原因是具有二元性思維模式的華人,他可以光用文字的圖形思維區,使可以完成大學程度的要求,而不需要用到更高級的概念化思考區,結果的是,很多人的文章可以寫得很多,文字秀麗,但是文章內容往往不合邏輯,經不起推敲。

    而大部分的老百姓,他們畢業之後,根本不用文字區域的思維,只需要用原來的語言區域思維便可以解決日常生活及工作所需,所以中國老百姓就是十分勤勞,而有些忘我之故。

    只有少數華人,他們可能由於生活所需,或出於對知識的追求,或個人興趣的關係,或好奇心驅使,或個人意志的堅持,才能把概念化區域慢慢發展好。

    現今的中國腦力結構可以說是以二元性思維為主體的腦力結構。

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...




    视频连锁 Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ku4IYJBrChs

    陈凯 按Kai Chen's Words:

    究竟是谁创立了美国的经济与工业奇迹? 是所谓的人民大众吗, 如马克思主义者们所信? 是政府吗,如美国与西方的左派们所信? 还是那些有勇气、有眼光、有想象力与创造力的企业家与发明家们,那些独特的与自由的个体? 我在这里向各位介绍一部系列纪录片“是谁创立了美国的工业奇迹?The Men Who Built America". 望人们深思。

    洛克菲勒的铭言: “我坚信个体价值的至高无上。”

    Who exactly built America? Is it "the people" as the Marxists assert? Is it "the government" as the Western leftists asserts? Or it is the individuals who has the courage, the vision, the creativity, the ambition and the drive to start from nothing and build an economic miracle.

    As J. D Rockefeller put it succinctly: "I believe in the supremacy of the individual."

  • Comment From Fiona Zhao:


    中国是什么? 它是一片疆域、一种文化、某种价值、十几亿人口,还是这一切的总和。

    中共是什么?它是人类历史上最庞大的犯罪团体,几千万成员来自哪里?历次政治运动中被迫害被虐杀的生命来自哪里?至今维护中共的统治并期待中共继续执政的利益集团来自哪里?

    中国传统文化是什么?纵观中国历史,几千年的朝代更替,你方唱罢我登台,不过唱的是一出戏-——专制权力的角逐。几千年的朝代轮转,除了几个可以数的上的所谓“盛世”,几乎都是涂炭生灵的暴政。发明了车裂、凌迟、腰斩的民族,接受起“活体摘取器官”来也没有什么可挣扎的。

    中共和中国是怎么回事?如果中国是一片疆域,那么它就是在中国这片土地上肆虐的暴政;如果中国是一种文化,那么它不但没有对共产专制产生抗体,为什么还结出了人类历史以来最大的毒果——中共?如果中国是一种价值观,那它输送的是什么?是真理、自由、正义,还是对生命的尊重?如果中国是十几亿人口,那么当初是中国人选择了中共,所以才有今天几千万共产党员以及庞大的维护中共统治的利益集团。

    真正有勇气、有操守的知识分子是勇于拿起手术刀解剖自我、解剖人性、解剖文化心态的勇者。一刀下去见到的可能是脓血、腐烂、癌症。如果只是脓血,那么挖掉再生新肢。如果已经腐烂透底,那就抛弃重建新生命。

    离开对人性的真实认知就不能够真正专制和奴役。奴性和向往自由都根植于人性之中,而人类历史就是一部从奴役走向自由的历程。经过漫长的中世纪的黑暗,通过对自己文化的深刻的反思,欧洲从专制的里面走了出来,人们逐渐找到了方向。并且把对专制文化的反思、对真实的发现记录并传播开来。当孩子们从教科书中了解到人类曾经走过的黑暗,才会懂得自由的含义以及为追求自由所付出的代价。一代接一代,人类历史才能往前演进。

  • It is not logical for the Chinese to talk about "human rights", for they still don't regard themselves as humans. They always behave like "Confucian chess pieces" without a self-identity.

    在一个没有“人”的概念与尊严的中国奢谈“人权”是不逻辑的。 没有个体认同的“中国人”从专制统一的第一天起就开始认为每一个人不过是“孔儒棋盘上的一个棋子”罢了。

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...


    绝真实的丑态:一个崇尚虚无的受辱无尊严的奴才居然也每一刻都奢望着将造奴作奴的文化心态繁衍到世界的每一个角落。
    A most powerful image: A slave with an enslaved soul also wants to spread the nihilistic slave culture around the world.


    陈凯博客www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com

    儒的国:天道仁政

    Confucian Nightmare - Government by God

    (博讯北京时间2013年6月10日 转载)

    作者:吴祚来

    天赋政权 — 孔子的梦想

      儒致力于得到的身份地位,一是人师,得天下英才而育之,二是国师,得国家领导人而佐之。作为人师,它倡导的核心价值是仁爱,作为国师,它倡导的政治是仁政。

      既然要做人师与国师,那么,教育人的终极追求是什么?国家的终极理想是什么?都是平天下。天下最理想的境界是什么状态?西周那样,既有严肃的制度,又有繁荣的文明。如果有人问孔子的中国梦是什么?就是“梦周公”,尽管国家不能回到西周,但只要能经常梦见周公,也算是人生幸福之境。

      孔子为什么崇拜周公呢?

      因为周公的人格、智慧、勇敢而仁慈,特别是对待前朝的遗民,宽以待之,不因为他们属于商朝遗属,而妄加迫害;对待远道来访的客人,尽管自己头发还没洗好,也出来接待,为什么要这样呢?如果怠慢了客人,客人就会失望而返,沿路上他会告诉无数人,说周公不喜欢待客,那么,希望协力周公的人,就会在半路上折返。人心都不向着你,你还有什么呢?

      最重要的是,周公政治文明,文,就是一切诰令,都要形成文字,不朝令夕改,不情绪化处理政务;明,就是将文字刻在铜器上,公示天下,任何人都不得违背。一个“政”字,就说明了政治的真正涵义,先有正义的、公正的、正确的文本,然后,按照这个文本去执行,去治理,而不是随心所欲、为所欲为。所以,公正与正义,是政治文明的核心价值追求。

      在孔子梦中,西周因此是一个文质彬彬的时代,是一个人文鼎盛、和平安宁的时代。而这个伟大的时代,是因为一个伟人造就的,为什么伟人能造就这样伟大的时代?因为他有伟大的道德人格,他的政治文明、开明、清明。

      孔子西周梦背后,是他对“朝国政治体制”的认同,西周不是一个国家,而是一个“朝”,朝分封了国,朝相当于一个联合国,国拥有被分封的土地及臣民的管治权,税赋权,“朝”本义是时间上的无限,朝字则十月十日组成,意为无数的日月,统治者可以无限期在统治,可惜,夏朝、商朝,都被断了代,变成有限的朝代,但历朝历代统治者们,总是想象自己的统治时间是无限的,“率土之滨莫非王臣,普天之下莫非王土”,这样,所有的时间、所有的土地,以及人民,都属于天子统治范围。

      孔子为什么不容忍那些地方诸侯与新贵们非法享有周天子的宫廷文化待遇呢(“八佾舞于庭”:地方诸侯与新贵们是不能享用周天子六十四人的舞蹈宴乐的)?因为只要在生活消费上僭越,礼崩伴随着乐坏,就是一种对天朝的不尊与侵犯,天下大乱也就随之而来。

      孔子没有思考,为什么朝国分治的政治模式会崩溃掉?更没有思考,依赖一个道德清明的伟人,是不是可以通过继承制使家族天下,得到永远的有效治理。孔子对天子治理天下的模式是默认的,认为有其天然合理性,但如何制约天子的公权力,孔子没有想到制度性地设立一个机构来制约,而是寄望于君王们道德自我修炼,儒家的神圣使命体现在这里,就是,把道德精神传播给国师,国师把儒家软件安装到国君大脑中,天下国家,在儒家的道德程序下运行。

      孔子像丧家之犬那样奔走,知其不可为而为之,最终面临的还是一个无道的天下,到了孟子时代,孟子有与中小国君对话的机会,但面对君权制约与问责,只会顾左右而言它,君王可以用道德与问责对待臣民,但不愿意有任何力量,来制约与问责自己。较之孔子,孟子在理论上变得非常前卫与激烈,他认为,民为贵君为轻社稷次之,第一次主张民权高于君权的观念,如果国君独裁作恶,百姓可以诛杀他,百姓杀的不是国君,而是独夫民贼。

      孟子将民的主体性提到至高无上的地位,得民心者得天下失民心者失天下,统治的合法性,是由民心来决定的:桀、纣之失天下也,失其民也。失其民者,失其心也。得天下有道:得其民,斯得天下矣。得其民有道:得其心,斯得民矣。孟子确立了人民的主权地位,人民的主权地位神圣不可侵犯,但统治者却并没有神圣的统治权利,像桀、纣这样的暴君,人民有权诛灭他们。

      对君王的依赖,对道德人格的依赖,是儒家政治伦理的支柱,一旦伦理支柱倒下,就没有任何力量可以维系社会秩序了,特别是汉以后的儒家,编织出带有宗教色彩的政治伦理体系,形成天地君亲格序,君就是天子,君权神授,加上大一统庞大的政治版图,统治者就成为龙一样的怪兽,没有任何力量可以制约。人们只有成为它的一部分,才可分享它的权利,任何不被融入者,都是异已者,都是被放逐者或自我放逐者。

    —— 孔孟的理念分歧

      如果说孔子还是一位面向君王的劝善者,而孟子则是在对话失败后,对君王们采取蔑视而带有威慑的政治哲人。孔子希望得到更多的与君王们的对话机会,而孟子与君王们的多次对话都没有实质性的意义,所以开始主张人民暴力,以抗衡君王的暴政。孔子有寄望于君王的梦想,孟子呢,吾善养吾浩然之气、天将降大任于斯人也,必先苦其心智,更强调自己的力量与智慧,强调接受苦难与磨难,以践行天意大任。

      天、天命、天意,在孔子与孟子话语中,并没有刻意强调,有一种模糊的无意识地认定,对天有一种敬畏,但没有将其纳入到自己的哲学理论范畴中,使其具备生命之上的神圣价值。这也是由于孔孟的现世主义的人本精神。尽管孔孟没有人格化天意,孔子更是不语怪力乱神,敬鬼神而远之。但在生命之上,孔子与孟子都有着神圣的价值追求,而这些价值追求,体现人的尊严与人的价值,如果人失去这些价值,人的生命就没有意义。

      “志士仁人,无求生以害仁,有杀身以成仁。”(孔子)

      “生,亦我所欲也,义,亦我所欲也。二者不可得兼,舍生而取义者也。”(孟子)

      生命不仅仅是饮食男女,那是自然生命,人的社会生命在于社会价值,如果没有社会价值,就没有人的尊严,生命就失去存在的意义,人的尊严核心,在孔子看来,是仁爱,如果能成就人世间的大爱,那么生命失去了,也实现了生命的价值,而在孟子看来,核心价值是正义,如果实现了人类正义,为人间正义而献出生命,生命的价值也得以实现。

      孔子、孟子奠定了儒家伦理原则与价值体系,这些价值体系一头在天(天道),一头在人的内心(良心),这些伦理原则必须人人遵守,所以,它也就成为统治者的政治伦理原则。儒家不是没有平等的意识,而是等级化之后的平等或互相尊重,君与臣是不平等的,父与子也是不平等的,但这并不意识着,君可以欺侮臣,或父可以虐待子,君视民如草芥,民视君为仇寇(孟子),孟子所言与孔子所言君君臣臣父父子子,有一致性,一是承认社会角色差异,但,有威权者,不能凌驾于其它人之上,做君的应该按照君王的道德要求自己,如果君王视百姓如草芥,百姓必然视君王如侵犯者。

      只有儒化道德一种方式可以约束。人们自下而上的力量,除了议谏讽喻这种语言的方式,就只有推翻一途。

      老子提前说出了儒家的问题:大道废,有仁义;智慧出,有大伪;六亲不和,有孝慈;国家昏乱,有忠臣。

      大道被废了,人们不能按天道精神来生活与行动,就只有借助于德,即仁义的力量,当仁义的力量无法彰现,就只能用礼乐的方式,礼崩乐坏之后呢?就只有天下大乱,社会重新进入丛林状态。

      大道在哪里?大道即天道。天道上空虚的,人心也是无法实证的,儒家最终选择的政治概念,就只有礼乐或礼仪了,甚至礼器,也成为儒家的政治道具。而这一切,都被冠以“仁政”或者为了达到仁政的政治目的。

      仁政与宪政有什么区别呢?仁政是爱的政治,是从政治伦理出发,从君王内心出发,而宪政呢,是从政治律法出发,并落实有制度上。仁政,主体在君王,自觉性也在君王,宪政,主体或主权在民,自觉性在公民社会。仁政,德在前法在后,宪政,法在前,德在后。

      儒家道家都遵守天道,道家倡导的是天道无为,君无为,民有为,政治就是无为而治,而儒家的天道政治则是有为而治,孟子就提出了政府救灾的义务,甚至抚养孤寡老者的责任,如果当政权荒淫无道怎么办?那百姓就有替天行道的权利,老子在天下无道时,出函谷关不回头,孔子则天下无道而乘桴浮于海,但孟子则认为,百姓有革命权,如果把邪恶的君王杀了,那杀的不是君王,而是独夫民贼。

      天道政治有一个致命的问题,就是先承认君王政权的合法性,似乎是天意决定的,历史的选择,历史选择了你,你就行仁政,通过行仁政,体现你的合法性,在整个政权执政过程中,臣民们只有参政议政的权利,不可能有强有力的制约,使公权力被关在制度的笼子里。这是仁政与宪政的根本不同。

      宪政首先在通过制度法规来确定政权的合法性,一个执政者的合法性,不是天意的选择,也不是历史的选择,而是民意,民意不是口头上被代表的民意,而是用选票计算出来的民意,民意的授权,民意的代表,通过宪法确立的制度,使当权者在制约中,行使权力。而权力是服务性的,不是为了实现当政者自己设定的某种政治意志或政治目的。

      仁政的背景不是民宪,而是“天宪”,尽管儒家也讲求天意自我民意,天听自我民听,但这样政治伦理语言,只有一定的劝善作用,而无法形成真正的制约作用。天宪的宿命是“口含天宪”,朝廷的圣旨就是天宪。因为君王是天子,可以行使天的意志。

      在儒家的圣经里,君王只有遵天道行仁政,才是治国之正道。

      我不遵天道,不行仁政,你又能拿我有什么办法?只有诛杀独夫,或者推翻一个王朝,来解决君王不遵天道不行仁政的问题。儒家天道仁政,从天意到民心之间,是两个极端,几乎没有民心与天意博弈的可能,但宪政则用分权制度,来使政治过程复杂化,政治过程是博弈过程,协调过程与妥协过程,它有效避免了两个极端,仁政的价值体系是仁义礼智信、格序是天地君亲师,而宪政则更新了政治伦理价值体系,遵循的价值则是民主、自由、平等、法治、责任、博爱、宽容等概念。 (博讯 boxun.com)

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...



    Freedom is Calling

    In Remembrance --"Tiananmen June 4th"

    1989-2013



    Click to watch a live performance: http://youtu.be/z7Luy81zr_Q

    Excerpts from "Ode to Freedom" DVD

    Presented by East Meets West Music Arts

    Dr. Fengshi Yang, Artistic Director/Producer


    自由在召喚

    "六四”二十四週年永誌不忘的紀念



    請觀賞東西方音樂藝術團紀念音樂會選段﹕http://youtu.be/z7Luy81zr_Q


    願生者在音樂中昂首﹐願死者在音樂中安寧。

    自由在召喚

    楊逢時曲﹐ 汪成用詞


    帶著光榮與沉重﹐我們來自遙遠的昨天。為了尋找失去的家園﹐我們走遍天涯﹐涉水跋山。

    啊朋友﹐我們還年輕﹐我們正勇敢﹐有什麼能把我們阻攔。



    前方已經矇亮﹐也許那是重生的火焰。把光榮與沉重留下﹐我們別無選擇﹐只有向前。

    啊朋友﹐曙光在前方﹐自由在召喚﹐有什麼能把我們阻攔。



    Freedom is Calling

    Fengshi Yang, music; Cheyo Wang, lyrics


    With glory and burden, we come from a remote yesterday.

    To look for our lost home, we have traveled all over the world, across mountains and oceans.

    Ah, friends, we are still young, we are still daring. What can stop us marching?



    There’s already light ahead, maybe that’s the flame of rebirth.

    Leave the glory and burden behind, we have no other choice, but to go forward.

    Ah, friends, dawn is before us, freedom is calling, What can stop us marching?

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...



    陈凯 按: 这是一个有良知的新移民给我的来信。 他提出了一个重要的、让人不安与深思的问题。 我希望对自由、对美国关心的人们都来进入、参与这个极关重要的思考与讨论。

    Kai Chen's Words: This is an email from a conscientious new immigrant from China. He raised a very important question and issue. I hope all of us who love freedom and America think deeply over this issue and combat our own paralysis and fear. We have a moral duty to safeguard America and what she represents.


    一个良知的来美华人给我的信
    An Email from a New Immigrant from China


    陈凯先生:

    您好!

    我姓X,才移民到美国没有多久。我现在经常参加一些ESL课程学习英语。参加ESL的中国人不少,大部分是主妇和留学生。在这些课程上,老师经常会让大家用所学的单词造句。而我会刻意的在句子中提到大陆的现状。我始终有种责任感,想让外国人了解大陆的真相。但是我发觉,我一提到这些。气氛就产生了变化,尤其是大陆人的态度。昨天终于爆发了,原因是我读的那个句子刚好是谈到五月花号,移民们签署协议。然后我就开始指责她,是为了物质生活来到美国,同情极权政府,像她那样的华人是对美国的威胁。她就说我把意志强加于她,侮辱整个华人群体。老师是荷兰移民的老奶奶,她温和的反对我的意见。但另外一个法国女人和一个南亚裔的年轻学生,他们的意见就很大,好像都是我的责任,不该在这个课上谈论政治。

    我的担心是,美国早期的移民,可以说是其他国家不要的难民。无论是最早的新教徒,还是后来的各色人等。这个趋势直到二战结束。但是慢慢的,随着美国经济的发展,和随着其他专制势力的崛起。现在成了好像专制国家的支持者,才能有更多机会来到美国。像是本拉登等沙特留学生,袁木等官员的子女,或者是美国人娶的女人,还有留学生或者访问学者。而真正受到压迫,但又还谈不上难民的人。因为没钱,或者是签证的限制,不一定是因为没能力,反而很难有机会到美国。那些来到美国的中国人,很多根本对自己文明没有任何反思,有的甚至是第五纵队。我觉得美国人没有意识到这个问题的严重性。而像是那个法国和南亚的移民,根本对美国的价值谈不上忠诚。好像老是觉得自己要理客中。就像当年的亲共学生。

    我觉得我的行为可以说是很鲁莽,我不想粉饰。但是我感到这些外国人根本没有意识到这个问题的严重性。我应该还有对这些国人的愤恨,你自己跑到这边来寻求物质生活,别人留在大陆受苦,你自己离开也就罢了,还为极权政府托责,这算什么?陈先生,我想问问美国社会应该如何谈论政治?难道现在美国的政治正确已经到了回避现实的程度?如何既能够保护自己,也能说说出真相呢?对待那些大陆的支持者又该怎么做呢?

    我曾在一家餐馆打工,大厨和服务生都是伊拉克的基督徒难民,那个大厨和我谈起,就说美国是个Justice的国家,服务生也提到她无法和家人住在一起,因为他们像鸵鸟一样,而自己是个会发声的人,我想可能针对伊拉克战争或者萨达姆。我就问她,难道你的家人没有因为来到美国变得更好吗?她的回答是,他们的鸵鸟症变得更厉害。看来不止是大陆人有这个问题。

    祝好!

    ------------------------------------------------------
    陈凯 复

    X先生:

    Dear Mr. X:

    You have raised an interesting and thought-provoking question: Can America survive the assault from the despotic/totalitarian cultures? How should a conscientious person react to such an assault?

    I have addressed such issues in principle in numerous articles such as "来西方反西方 用自由灭自由" http://www.chinesepen.org/Article/sxsy/2...714120449.shtml, "摈弃“族群文化”,建立“价值文化” http://kaichenblog.blogspot.com/2010/01/...ve-mindset.html

    Yet to combat such a crowd from despotic cultures, one must prepare oneself with courage, tenacity and ability to address the issues in a succinct and effective way. As I often said: If you see only moral confusion around you, be the one with moral clarity. If you see only cowardice around you, be the one with courage. If you see only darkness around you, be the one with bright light to shine onto the path toward freedom for everyone.

    "The mountain is high and the road is long, but we climb and walk a step each and every day." We don't have all the solutions, but we have a moral compass to distinguish right from wrong, truth from falsehood, justice from evil.... We live our lives by such principles. I am very glad you are doing your share to combat evil in your own way. You will preserver to fulfill your moral duty to this great country - America, to yourself and to God, as I demand myself to do every day and every moment. There is no guarantee that we will win and succeed. But as long as we have done all we can to live a just and righteous life, we will have no regret. That is enough to me and I will be at peace with myself when I die.

    Though I don't know you personally, I feel you are already my companion on our journey toward freedom. I hope we keep in touch and I like very much to hear what you think about what is happening around you. Justice will ultimately triumph over evil. This is because we have faith and we have mind/reason: "Justice has only one enemy - evil. But evil has two enemies - justice and evil itself.

    Be brave. Be persistent. Be with your conscience. Be with God. I am very proud of you when you combat evil each and every day. Best wishes to you and people like you. You are a true American. Kai Chen

  • Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...


    艾未未“Fuck”天安门 Ai Weiwei Fucks Tiananmen

    陈凯 按: Kai Chen's View:

    求真的前提是“信真”。 一个“不信真实”而“只信强权”的文化/社会逻辑地就会是一个“以欺诈为生/为荣/为智”的虚无文化/社会。 这就是为什么基督精神中的精髓 - 求真/信真必须成为中国未来社会的主导。 英文语言是“求真”的必要工具。

    To seek truth, one must first believe that there is "truth". Faith in truth and justice becomes prerequisite for a "truth seeking" society. Logically, a nihilistic society that does not have faith in truth and justice will take deception as the ultimate wisdom. That is why Christian value of "Only truth shall set you free" must be first established in a post-communist China. And English language must be the tool in such a "truth seeking" culture/society.

    西方的智慧是求真,中国的智慧是欺诈
    West vs. Chinese = Truth vs. Falsehood


    作者: 许锡良

    星期一, 04/01/2013 - 14:51

    法国启蒙思想家孟德斯鸠曾经说过,中国人是世界上最会骗人的民族,要探究清楚这一原因,除了他已经说过中国专制皇权文化所衍生出来的专制制度的荒唐之外,还有思维方式上的原因。一种文化的核心部位其实就是两个方面,一是价值观,二是思维方式。价值观与思维方式决定了文化中的其他部分,包括制度的建立。不同文化观念的人,即使所建立的建筑也会体现其文化的精神。比如,中国的建筑特点就是要求左右对称,屋檐常常是勾心斗角。会场的设置也常常是围绕着一个核心,栉比鳞差、层层环绕。不管这个核心叫什么,总之必须有一个这样的角色。要是让中国人在圆桌上开会,中国人就不知道怎么做了,因为,那样就会群龙无首,乱成一团。在中国人这里,开会的目的其实并不是真的是为了讨论事项,而是宣布事项的结果。真正的讨论与博弈,早已经在幕后密室里完成了。古代皇帝的所谓朝会,其实也是这样的。真正的讨论与博弈早已经在以皇帝为核心的三五个重臣之间在密室里完成了,其他的文武百官只不过是例行公事地到朝廷里站站,听听结果而已。

      其实这一切都是因为中国人只有服从权力的习惯,而没有服从真理的习惯。要中国人探求真理,还不如去死了好。像君要臣死,臣不得不死,这里面需要讲什么道理吗?有据理力争的空间吗?完全没有的。一个人权势特别显赫的时候,即使皇帝面对这种权势的威压也要服从“指鹿为马”的气焰。一切都由权力安排好了,大家根本不用再费心操神,各安其命,各就其位就是了,这就是孔子所说的“思不出其位”,用今天的话说就是屁股决定了脑袋

      说到底,西方人追求的是真理,探求的是真相,他们在探求真理,追求真相的问题上,可谓是殚精竭虑,耗费了一代又一代人的智慧。最早是由亚里斯多德著有《工具论》,后来又有培根的《新工具》,为了探求真理,他们把思想的工具一再改进,因为唯有思维方法的改进,他们的认识才能够更进一步。因此,他们的智慧其实就是围绕着求真而来的。谁能够探求到更多的真相、真理,谁就是真正的哲人智者,谁能够利用真相、真理为人类服务,谁就是真正的智慧之人。因此,他们把苏格拉底、柏拉图、亚里斯多德、牛顿、爱因斯坦、爱迪生这些人推上了大智大慧之人的宝座,成为后人崇敬与学习的榜样。

      然而,中国人的智慧就是用来欺诈的。孔子是中国人中最早公开宣扬欺诈有理的人。在《论语·子路第十三》中记载:“叶公语孔子曰:‘吾党有直躬者,其父攘羊,而子证之’。孔子曰:‘吾党之直者异于是,父为子隐,子为父隐,直在其中矣。’”父亲偷了人家的羊,儿子作了告发,从法治的角度来看这是一种正直的行为;但在孔子看来这却是一种丧德败行。孔子主张父亲应替儿子隐瞒罪行,儿子也应替父亲隐瞒罪行,认为只有这样,才能体现父慈子孝的道理。其实现代法治精神里,遇到亲情关系的案件,既不能够采信子告亲的证据,鼓励告亲,也不像孔子那样“子为父隐,父为子隐”式的“亲亲相隐”,而是要贯彻一条原则就是避嫌。一切不是靠告发,而是要靠证据来定罪。但是,靠证据而不是靠口供,就必须学会寻找证据,这个过程就要学会逻辑推理,学会用实验与测量以及医学解剖的知识与技能来寻找犯罪证据。可惜,中国文化在逻辑推理、实验、测量与其他科学知识方面几乎完全被忽略,因此遇到类似子告亲的案件,只好作出两种极端的选择,要么完全鼓励亲人之间互相告发,要么就完全采用包庇隐瞒真相的办法。说到底还是因为中国文化在追求真相与真理问题上的能力太弱了,而这种能力的欠缺又与中国人的圣人教导是密切相关的。孔子说“民可使由之,不可使知之”,其实就是企图用蒙昧的方法,防止人们利用自己的心智与朴素的逻辑以及与生俱来的好奇心去追求事物的原理与真相。孔子一生只讲礼,也就是讲上下尊卑的秩序,从来未曾探求过什么真理真相,相反,他还利用职权以五条莫须有的言论思想罪杀害了同僚少正卯,为杀害中国那些敢于较真,敢于追求真理的人提供了绝妙的借口,作出了一个十分恶劣的榜样。

      孔子的礼与仁,其实杜绝了中国人在信仰与求真上的一切可能性。及至儒家所谓的智,其实就是诈骗术。谁拥有高明的诈骗术,就是拥有大智慧。

      中国人千百年来的智慧偶像级人物——诸葛亮其实欺诈手法高超的人。奇怪的是这个人字“孔明”,本来与孔子家族没有什么关系,但是因为“孔明”似乎也与孔家攀上了亲缘关系。

      在关于诸葛亮的高超智慧的故事中,几乎都是欺诈成功的故事。《论语·子路第十三》中记载:“叶公语孔子曰:‘吾党有直躬者,其父攘羊,而子证之’。孔子曰:‘吾党之直者异于是,父为子隐,子为父隐,直在其中矣。’”父亲偷了人家的羊,儿子作了告发,从法治的角度来看这是一种正直的行为;但在孔子看来这却是一种丧德败行。孔子主张父亲应替儿子隐瞒罪行,儿子也应替父亲隐瞒罪行,认为只有这样,才能体现父慈子孝的道理。,比如“空城计”、“草船借箭”、“八卦阵”、“七擒七纵”、“欲擒故纵”等等,都是用来迷惑他人,制造虚假的本领与高超的骗术。鲁迅论及《三国演义》中的诸葛亮的智慧,说“状诸葛之多智而近妖。”在这种偶像中,许多中国人无意之间都成为骗术高超的骗子,令人防不胜防。然而,这种近乎妖的智慧人物,虽然活着的时候号称智慧顶级人物,但是,其结果却是诸葛亮死后蜀中无大将,廖化为先锋。政治、军事上没有可当大任之人,加之后主昏庸、黄皓弄权,使蜀国迅速衰败。说明这种诈骗术也只是一项小术,而非真正的大智慧。真正的大智慧是追求真理,求得真知与真相的能力,可是,诸葛亮从来没有提供过这种智慧。

      现在,广州客村的丽影广场上,由公安设定的广播年复一年,日复一日,每年365天,一天都不间断地广播骗术,还是赶不上新骗术的层出不穷,每天都还是有不少人要上当受骗。被骗的中国人从来得不到别人的同情,相反,人们却很佩服与羡慕那些高明的骗术,竟然是这样富有智慧。中国人的聪明才智与时间精力都花在如何制假造假,创新新骗术上了。从政府造假到民间江湖骗术,几乎都基于同一欺诈原理与骗术偶像。欺诈有时有效,但是,也很有限,人对可以欺诈人,却不可以欺诈大自然与社会的自然权利。弄虚作假可以对付一时的检查之效,但是环境的污染,社会治理的混乱,政府的腐败是不可能真正掩盖得了的。一个社会捂盖子的技术再高超,最后也还是要露陷。就像中国无数的政府部门都在造假数据,但是,中国人的天空空气污染、水源污染、食品安全及社会腐败问题仍然是存在,仍然是要作用于每个中国人一样,生活不是高超的魔术,而是非常真实的客观存在,不会因为你骗术高明一时看不到就不存在,也不会因为骗术高明让眼见为实就真的存在着。科学才是探求真相与真理的王道。靠耍花招与计谋的所谓智慧,最后骗得了人,却骗不了天与地,骗不了神的慧眼。

  • 视频/《恶魔毛泽东》 Video/Mao the DevilDateMon Apr 01, 2013 2:59 pm
    Topic by fountainheadkc. Forum: 陈凯෹...



    陈凯一语 Kai Chen's Words:

    中国的人们应该懂得:毛泽东并不是我们的身外之物/之人/之灵。 毛泽东的邪恶之灵是在我们的思维、行为与深层文化状态之中。 清除毛泽东的恶灵应首先从深刻反省我们灵魂与理念中的(个体不负道德责任/永远向往人间救星)文化糟粕开始。

    The Chinese people should understand this very important point: Mao's evil is never outside of us, but inside of us. It manifests in our thoughts, behaviors and cultural habits. To eradicate Mao's evil, we must start from ourselves, from our souls, ideas and behaviors. We must establish a culture of individual responsibility with a moral compass. We must abandon the pathological urge to seek saviors in others and in government.


    《恶魔毛泽东》

    中国的恶魔是毛泽东.


    根据歌曲东方红改编,
    西诺改词.

    千秋恨,
    万世愤.
    中国的恶魔是毛泽东.
    害死人民八千万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    恶贯满盈害人虫.
    搞斗争,
    比杀人.
    敢提意见就没有命.
    杀了地主两百万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    百万右派进牢门.
    说假话,
    无人性.
    亩产万斤他放卫星.
    三年饿死了三千万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    人民公社是瘟神.
    音乐伴奏.
    搞文革,
    天下红.
    路线斗争他发了疯.
    亿万人民受迫害 ,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    十年动乱害人民.
    全民声讨毛泽东,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    中国才能得光明,
    得光明.



  • 《恶魔毛泽东》

    中国的恶魔是毛泽东.


    根据歌曲东方红改编,
    西诺改词.

    千秋恨,
    万世愤.
    中国的恶魔是毛泽东.
    害死人民八千万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    恶贯满盈害人虫.
    搞斗争,
    比杀人.
    敢提意见就没有命.
    杀了地主两百万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    百万右派进牢门.
    说假话,
    无人性.
    亩产万斤他放卫星.
    三年饿死了三千万,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    人民公社是瘟神.
    音乐伴奏.
    搞文革,
    天下红.
    路线斗争他发了疯.
    亿万人民受迫害 ,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    十年动乱害人民.
    全民声讨毛泽东,
    呼儿嗨哟.
    中国才能得光明,
    得光明.

  • Folks:

    Life is not to be rehearsed but to be lived in full. Life cannot be bargained for but has to be devoted to with one's integrity. Those who want to live a perfect life by rehearsal after rehearsal will miss life entirely. Those who want to bargain with life will find only misery and tragedy waiting for them.

    生活是不能被预演的。 生活是必须被有风险的行为与决定而充实的。 生活是不能被讨价还价的。 生活是必须被诚恳与正直而完整投入的。

    那些总想用一次次的预演追求完美生活的人将最终失去生活的真义。 那些只懂得对生活讨价还价的人最终得到的只是无奈的绝望与痛苦的悲剧。

    May we heed these words and live a full life with true love and true freedom encompassed in our faith/spirit and reason/mind. --- Kai Chen 2/25/13

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