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国歌安. 兰德著,陈凯译 "Anthem" Translation by Kai Chen • Author: fountainheadkc, Fri Sep 30, 2011 3:56 pm





《国歌》译者序
Translator's Forewords


作者:陈凯 by Kai Chen
2006-04-02 16:55:45


-------------------------------------------------------------

1989年5月的一天,当我在天安门广场上抗议示威的人潮中听着人们用国歌--中华人民共和国的国歌去激励他们争取民主的斗志的时候,我不禁慨然自叹了。

有什么能比这情景更自我嘲弄和自我讽刺的了呢?在一个没有个体概念的文化环境中,人们拿什么去争取民主呢?用一个压迫个体的整体去代替另一个压迫个体的整体吗?爱国,去爱一个压迫个人,压迫自身的国家吗?有人半开玩笑的说出了真情:毛泽东每次用95%的人去整剩下的5%的人,把中国人整了一遍。我是为人民服务的,又不是为你服务的论调在中国到处可闻。又不是我一个人和我一个人有什么用成了中国几乎每一个人推卸责任与为所欲为的借口。在天安门惨案后的今天,海内外的中国人和关心中国的所有人们都认识到中国应该变。但用什么去变?变向何处?改革的意义在哪?民主的原则又是什么?是用理性之剑去澄清黄河之水,让它为人造福还是再用混浊的感性之泥去给那已经腐朽不堪的黄河之堤修修补补呢?希特勒的国家社会主义,邓小平的中国式现代化,以及中国与世界历代专制者的共同点在哪里呢?

中国人正在选择与拒绝选择的叉路口上:是要以团体为本位的控制型的政治结构,还是要以个体为本位的参与型的政治结构;是要一种个人通过对团体的专权向他人索取的文化心态,还是要一种个人通过对自身的发掘向人类奉献的文化心态;是个体将控制自身的责任推给外界,还是个体将控制自身的责任收归己有;是个人通过对自身的认识,暴露,分析,判断,与调节去想象,创造,完善自身呢,还是个人通过外界给自身贴的标签去做一个一成不变的机器上的螺丝钉呢;是个人用自己的血肉之躯在他人的眼睛中建立存在,还是个人用自己的自知,理性与逻辑给自身的存在下定义;是先形式后内容,先虚后实,先团体后个人的枪赋政权治人,还是先内容后形式,先个人后团体,先实后虚的天赋人权治政;是去追求一个一成不变的完美社会呢,还是去追求一个有自我调节机制,自我追求完善的,道德的但不完美社会呢;总之,是将个人作为一个被动体在混浊的自然与社会环境中拒绝选择,还是将个人作为一个主动体用知觉的武器在澄清自然与社会环境中做出选择。婊子与牌坊是不能并立的。

中国的专制的、大一统的文化是建筑在个人对国家(也就是安.兰德女士在国歌一书中提到的我们)的崇拜上。要击破中国的朝代与人代的恶性循环,就要击破这个对国家,对我们的崇拜。否则,中国将来的民主也与中国过去的人民一样,不过是专制的又一个时髦的代言词罢了。

安-兰德女士(Ayn Rand)在希特勒,斯大林时代的昨天,五十多年以前,就用国歌这部神话般美妙的小说一针见血地阐述了个人与自我是人类社会进步的源泉这一哲理。她的故事中的许多情节我想是几乎所有的中国人都有其亲身体验的。安.兰德女士用她那富有想象力的,简洁的语言说出了至今大多数中国人(虽然他们已经饱受其害)还没有认识到的简单而又极深刻的哲理。就是那几个简单的字所包融的含义,那几个字:人,个人,我,自我。

国歌一书是我在天安门惨案后,在一次为美国的自由党演讲之后,一位关心中国的美国自由党人爱仑.司达所赠送的。我只在此对他深表感谢。

1989年10月
于洛杉矶

【《国歌》(Anthem)是安-兰德(Ayn Rand)创作的小说,最初发表于1938年,陈凯翻译。】


------------------------------------------------------------



国歌- 安.兰德 著,陈凯 译
"ANTHEM" by Ayn Rand (In Chinese) Translation by Kai Chen


ATTENTION:



请阅读 国歌 全文

* Links to all the chapters of "Anthem" 国歌: Author: Ayn Rand 安. 兰德 Translator: Kai Chen 陈凯

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=524 译者序

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=558 作者前言

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=591 第一章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=613 第二章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=661 第三章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=691 第四章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=749 第五章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=787 第六章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=802 第七章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=843 第八章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=878 第九章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=904 第十章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=937 第十一章

http://www.youpai.org/read.php?id=980 第十二章


****************************************

Ayn Rand Video Links: 安. 兰德(视频链锁)[/b]

The John Galt Oath
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltZwOsWxCTs&feature=related

John Galt's Speech - Atlas Shrugged
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNiJc7yxKHg

Quotes form Atlas Shrugged
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dm8OnDsWa7k

Glenn Beck on Atlas Shrugged
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yiu1JUsMBWY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DotjYdWzA_U

Ayn Rand - What is Capitalism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXfIjO0ZtDc

The Fountainhead - Howard Roark Speech (Ayn Rand)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zc7oZ9yWqO4

Anthem by Ayn Rand
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlJ6zY2bUlI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVndAnhQfC8

Ayn Rand's Ideas: An Introduction - Ayn Rand Center
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGIWqaPMS5A

Ayn Rand - What is Capitalism
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GV9mZgUn...ynext=1&index=6
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo5q5wyIt...ynext=1&index=7
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrnHHJ4t0...ynext=1&index=9
4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f90KXTTh2ZY&feature=related
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXfIjO0ZtDc&feature=related

The Morality of Capitalism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYU8KZz91OA

Ayn Rand Mike Wallace Interview
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ukJiBZ8_4k

Ayn Rand (1905-1982)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUOIWdwYy98

HERO WORSHIP: Patricia Neal in "The Fountainhead"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhMm04gtFRg

Anti-racism VS Collectivism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHq2F_QA6cc

Ayn Rand A Sense Of Life
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=risnxxgrVGE
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p80Kq6VbWOQ
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqA37mPZGO4

Ayn Rand Interview with Tom Snyder
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4doTzCs9lEc
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ex-rVkOFHU
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pFy9A7WEzPA

Ayn Rand Phil Donahue Interview
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzGFytGBDN8
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bUwTHn-9hhU
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6N4KbLbGYgk
4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-q7cje1I3VM
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfqq4VKh1xM

Ayn Rand on racism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHrHMLeWCrA

Ayn Rand Mike Wallace Interview
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ukJiBZ8_4k
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMTDaVpBPR0
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zEruXzQZhNI

The Age of Mediocrity - Ayn Rand (1981)
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hVVFzgzZ-...ex=0&playnext=1
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BL_qSDY9xW8&feature=related
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygngnCsqE_M&feature=related
4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9fgTm30NYY&feature=related
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCDm7ZAt3XY&feature=related
6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-M9XmeA9WM&feature=related

Atlas Shrugged
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=STnUlpHf720&feature=related

"This is John Galt Speaking"
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yOt6rUkU5xY&feature=related
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=luKo_w-EVmU&feature=related
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7T0B1OUAFA&feature=related
4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfgFd9MJYg8&feature=related
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sKYX_o-g-b0&feature=related
6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-ajrwka2RE
7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyJJC-J2g7A
8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QOd42r7szQY
9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=16N_76mlsMk
10. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-4oehFZI-k
11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4D3TFHL_JQ
12. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I03sQzS-pM8
13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkSXqFUtKD4
14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxMeLEoPa_o
15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZamzenkteTk
16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_0JcGpKqso
17. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwNeqjZmmFA

发表于: Sat Jul 08, 2006 8:31 am 发表主题: Passion of Ayn Rand

---------------------------------

价值一语 Words of Value:

A free man first creates wheels; the man-eater first creates Dialectics. --- Ayn Rand

一个自由人会先想到发明轮子; 一个食人者会先想到发明辩证法。 --- 安. 兰德

Ayn Rand is one of the pioneers who first established the moral foundation of Capitalism and the concept of Objectivity in morals and ethics. Her passion for truth and justice is one that is unparalleled among modern philosophical thinkers. I am honored to be the first one to translate her works into Chinese. --- Kai Chen

安. 兰德女士是一个资本主义道德理念的奠基人。 她也详尽地阐述了道德理念中的客观概念(道德的绝对性)。 她对真理与正义的执著与激情的追求使她成为了一个杰出的现代哲学思想家。 我很荣幸能成为首先将她的著作翻译成中文的人。 --- 陈凯

***********************************

Dear Visitors:

As Ayn Rand's "Anthem" is being published here on Youpai.org, and as the first one honored to have translated her works into Chinese, I just want to say a few words to introduce Ayn Rand, the philosopher, the thinker, the passionate freedom fighter to you, so you can have some background and understanding about where she came from and why I had translated her works into Chinese.

Ayn Rand was a Russian Jewish woman who was persecuted in her native land during the Stalin era. She later immigrated to Germany and eventually came to America. Having witnessed first hand what tyranny could do to humanity and human psyche, she was determined to use her writing to expose the evil of totalitarianism and despotism. Among her passionate literary works, mostly romantic philosophical novels, she poignantly and ruthlessly tore down the facade of communism and all totalitarian regimes with her imaginative and artistic style. Her early works include "We the Living" which depicts a freedom-loving Russian woman who lived under Stalinist regime and her struggle to free herself. That novel is the closest one to her autobiography.

She later wrote the famous novel "Fountainhead" which is a major philosophical and literary accomplishment. Among her early writings, she also wrote vaious books on morals and ethics such as "The Virtue of Sesfishness" to espouse the intrinsic morality in Capitalism. Finally she finished her most encompassing novel "Atlas Shrugged" which even today is still one of the best sellers. It also is ranked as the second most influential literary book in American life, right after Bible, of all time.

"We the Living" and "Fountainhead" have been made movies and you can acquire them via video archive or in the video stores. Due to the ideological bias of the 1940's Hollywood, "We the Living" could only be made a movie overseas for its anti-communist theme.

Though Ayn Rand claimed herself as an atheist, her passion and belief in human liberty and progress can only define herself as among the most faithful, in my view. I hope you enjoy my translation of her works. And I thank Youpai.org for their effort and tireless work to publish Ayn Rand's writings.

I thank you for visiting my forum and reading Ayn Rand's short novel "Anthem" (国歌) in Chinese.


PS. I translated "Anthem" into "国歌" because the Chinese always see their dynasties, their emperors, their Chairman, their nation, their Party-State or their collective as God. The English word "Anthem" itself has meaning of "圣歌" or "赞美歌". But I prefer "国歌",for exactly the above reason.

Best. Kai Chen 陈凯

陈凯博客 Kai Chen Blog: www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com 陈凯电邮 Kai Chen Email: elecshadow@aol.com 陈凯电话 Kai Chen Telephone: 661-367-7556
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